Payload is the equipment, instruments, or systems carried by a satellite that are specifically designed to fulfil its intended mission objectives. These payloads play a crucial role in gathering data, performing measurements, and enabling various functionalities and services in space.

Satellite payloads encompass a wide range of specialised components and technologies that are carefully selected and integrated to meet the specific needs of the satellite’s mission. These can include cameras, sensors, antennas, communication systems, scientific instruments, and other specialised hardware and software.

Cameras and imaging systems are commonly used payloads for satellites, allowing them to capture high-resolution images of the Earth’s surface, monitor weather patterns, or conduct remote sensing observations for scientific research. These imaging payloads can provide valuable visual data for applications such as land use mapping, environmental monitoring, disaster response, and surveillance.